Umbilical cord around the neck
In some cases the umbilical cord can wrap itself round the neck, as if choking the foetus. However this does not cause much of a problem as the foetus gets its oxygen from the mother and not from the mouth or nose. Moreover the cord can just be unwound at the time of birth.
Pressure on the umbilical cord during labour
Sometimes if the cord becomes excessively stretched or compressed at the time of labour it can affect the foetal heart rate. It might slow it down temporarily. If the measures undertaken to relieve the compression are unsuccessful then a Caesarean will have to be done.
On some rare occasions the umbilical cord precedes the baby into the birth canal. This generally takes place if it is a breech baby or if the baby has not descended fully into the pelvis. When this takes place the cord is compressed. As it is extremely dangerous for the baby, a Caesarean delivery will have to be done.
Umbilical Cord Problems
Knot in the cord
In some cases the baby’s umbilical cord can become knotted.
Knots occur most often when the umbilical cord is too long or when the baby moves around too much. It can also happen when there are identical-twin pregnancies. Identical twins share a single amniotic sac, and the babies’ cords can [...]
Complications for the Mother
Heavy vaginal bleeding
There are various factors that could cause placental abruption. Some of them are –
Injury or trauma to the abdomen ( accident, blow to the stomach)
If you have had placental abruption in an earlier pregnancy
If you had suffered bleeding earlier in the pregnancy
If you suff [...]
Complications for the Baby
Can be deprived of oxygen and nutrients
Could result in stillbirth
Could be born premature
Could have birth defects
This is an uncommon but serious pregnancy complication that occurs when the placenta, partially or completely, separates from the uterine wall. This condition needs immediate medical attention.
Treatment depends on far you are in your pregnancy and how much you are bleeding. If you have been diagnosed before the 20th week of pregnancy and if you are not experiencing any bleeding then you may be asked to only
Cut down on activities
Take rest in bed
Refrain from sexual intercourse
Avoid pelv [...]
Signs and Symptoms of Placenta Previa
Painless bleeding during the third semester
Breech or transverse position of baby
Uterus larger than expected for the gestational age
Placenta previa is diagnosed through ultrasound, either during a routine prenatal appointment or after an episode of vaginal bleeding.
Causes of Placenta Previa
Placenta previa affects about 1 in 200 pregnant women in the third trimester of pregnancy. The exact cause is not known but the possibilities increase when the woman has
Scars in the uterine wall due to surgery
A large placenta such as with multiple pregnancy
An abnormally shaped uterus
An earlier Caesarean birth [...]